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听故事学4000英语词汇152: 化石猎人

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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 6 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇6 保罗·纳森

Unit 2 Word List

第2单元 单词表

arduous adj.

费力的

When something is arduous, it demands great effort or labor.

需要巨大的努力或劳动。

→ The explorers began their arduous hike up the steep mountain.

探险者们开始了攀登陡峭山峰的艰苦跋涉。

attain v.

达到

To attain something means to gain or achieve it, often after a lot of effort.

获得或实现某事,通常是经过大量的努力。

→ In two more years, I will attain my high school diploma.

再过两年,我就高中毕业了。

coexist v.

共存

To coexist with something means to exist with it in the same time and place.

意味着与某事在同一时间和地点共存。

→ Our pets coexist at our home with little or no problems.

我们的宠物完全能融入我们家。

conceive v.

设想

To conceive something means to be able to imagine or believe it.

指想象或相信某事。

→ The child could not conceive the actual size of the Earth.

那孩子无法想象地球的实际大小。

dubious adj.

可疑的

When something or someone is dubious, they are not considered honest.

指被认为是不诚实的。

→ The police thought that the man's description of the crime was dubious.

警方认为那个人对犯罪的描述不可靠。

ego n.

自我

An ego is a person's sense of their own worth.

一个人对自己价值的感觉。

→ Kelly's ego made her think that she was some kind of a superhero.

凯利自负的觉得自己是某种超级英雄。

elastic adj.

有弹性的

Elastic is a rubber that stretches when it is pulled.

一种能拉伸的橡胶。

→ He attached the elastic bungee to his legs before he jumped off the platform.

他把橡皮筋绑在腿上,然后跳下了跳台。

endeavor n.

努力

An endeavor is an attempt to do something, especially something new or original.

指尝试做某事,尤其是新事物或原创事物。

→ The company's new advertising endeavor ended in a horrible failure.

公司的新广告努力以可怕的失败告终。

engrave v.

雕刻

To engrave means to cut a design or words into the surface of something.

意思是在某物的表面上刻上图案或文字。

→ The couple engraved their names onto the old pine tree.

这对夫妇把他们的名字刻在那棵老松树上。

excavate v.

挖掘

To excavate means to dig on land and remove dirt to look for something.

意思是在陆地上挖掘,清除泥土,寻找某物。

→ The team wishes to excavate the site in hopes of finding fossils.

该小组希望挖掘这个地点,找到化石。

jagged adj.

参差不齐的

When something is jagged, it has a tough, uneven shape or edge.

形状或边缘是粗糙的、不均匀的。

→ The swimmer was hurt when he fell on the jagged rocks.

游泳的人跌倒在参差不齐的岩石上,受了伤。

locale n.

地点

A locale is a small area or place where something specific happens.

指发生特定事件的小区域或地方。

→ The spa was the perfect locale for my mother to relax and enjoy her vacation.

水疗中心是我母亲放松和享受假期的完美场所。

mold n.

模具

A mold is a hollow container that is used to make certain shapes.

一种中空的容器,用来制造特定的形状。

→ Using a cupcake mold will ensure that they come out just right.

使用纸杯蛋糕模具能确保蛋糕成形。

outright adj.

完全的

When something is outright, it is open and direct.

开放和直接的。

→ Everyone knew that the boy's story was an outright lie.

大家都知道那个男孩的故事是彻头彻尾的谎言。

periphery n.

外围

The periphery of an area, place, or thing is the edge of it.

指某个区域、地点或事物的边缘。

→ A beautiful floral pattern is on the periphery of the stationery.

文具的外围有美丽的花卉图案。

plaster n.

石膏

Plaster is a smooth paste that gets hard when it dries.

一种光滑的糊状物,干了会变硬。

→ He used plaster to fill in the cracks in the old walls.

他用灰泥修补旧墙的裂缝。

shovel n.

铁铲

A shovel is a tool with a long handle that is used for digging.

一种长柄工具,用于挖掘。

→ The boy grabbed his shovel and got all of the snow off of the sidewalk.

那个男孩抓起铁锹,把人行道上所有的雪都铲掉了。

skeletal adj.

骨骼的

When something is skeletal, it relates to bones in the body.

与体内的骨骼有关的。

→ We studied the skeletal system in anatomy class.

我们在解剖学课上学习了骨骼系统。

terrestrial ad:

地球的

If something is terrestrial, it relates to Earth.

与地球有关的。

→ There are billions of terrestrial life forms.

地球上有数十亿的生命形式。

vicious adj.

恶毒的

When something or someone is vicious, they are violent and cruel.

暴力和残忍的。

→ The vicious dog tried to bite the small child.

那条恶狗想咬那个小孩。

The Fossil Hunters

化石猎人

Tim and Dean were great fossil hunters. They were the very best at finding dinosaur bones. Although Tim and Dean were quite similar, they were outright enemies. The two men got into vicious arguments all the time. They couldn't coexist peacefully because their egos were too large. Tim thought he was the best fossil hunter, while Dean was sure that he was much better than Tim.

蒂姆和迪安是伟大的化石猎人,他们是最善于发现恐龙化石的猎人。虽然蒂姆和迪安非常相似,但他们是彻头彻尾的敌人。这两个人一直在进行激烈的争斗。他们无法和平共处,因为各自的自尊心太强了。蒂姆认为他是最好的化石猎人,而迪安确信他比蒂姆好得多。

One day, Tim was searching for fossils on the periphery of the city when he discovered a huge bone. He had never seen anything like it! He took his shovel and carefully excavated the dirt around it. As he dug, he uncovered more jagged bones. He realized that he had found an entire dinosaur skeleton! Tim couldn't conceive a plan to remove the huge skeleton all by himself. Such an endeavor would be too arduous. He needed help. He tried to think of people who would be capable of helping him remove the skeleton without breaking it. The only person Tim could think of was Dean, his enemy.

一天,蒂姆在郊区寻找化石时,发现了一块巨大的骨头。他从来没有见过这样的东西!他拿起铁锹,小心地挖开铁锹周围的泥土。他在挖掘的过程中发现了更多的参差不齐的骨头。他意识到他发现了一具完整的恐龙骨架!蒂姆无法设想一个独自移除巨大骨架的计划。那样的话太辛苦了。他需要帮助。他试着去想那些能够帮助他在不破坏骨骼的情况下移除它的人。蒂姆唯一能想到的人是他的敌人迪安。

Tim ran into the city to find Dean. Tim found him and said, "Dean, I've found the skeletal remains of a huge terrestrial animal. But I can't get the skeleton out by myself. Will you please help me?

蒂姆跑到城里去找迪安。他说:“迪安,我发现了一具巨大陆地动物的骨骼。但我不能自己把骨架取出来。你能帮我吗?

Dean thought that Tim's claim might be dubious. He replied, "If you're serious about the skeleton, I'll help."

迪安对蒂姆的话半信半疑。但他回答说:“如果你说的是真的,我就帮你。”

Tim excitedly showed Dean the skeleton's locale. They worked together to carefully remove each bone. And to keep the bones together, they tied them with elastic strips. When they were finished, they had attained a perfect skeleton. They used plaster to make a mold of the dinosaur's skull. They engraved their initials into it and gave it to the curator of a local museum.

蒂姆兴奋地向迪安展示了骨架的位置。他们一起工作,小心翼翼地取出每块骨头。为了把骨头捆在一起,他们用松紧带把骨头捆起来。等他们挖掘完,他们已经有了一个完美的骨架。他们用石膏做了一个恐龙头骨的模型,把自己名字的首字母刻在上面,交给了当地博物馆的馆长。

Tim and Dean found out that they could work very well together. They decided to end their feud and become friends. By combining their talents, the men became even greater than they were before.

蒂姆和迪安发现他们能很好地合作,所以二人决定结束宿怨成为朋友。两人联手之后所能做的事比之前更好了。

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